甘肃测震台网监测能力及地震目录完整性分析

冯建刚1) 蒋长胜2) 韩立波2) 陈继锋1)

冯建刚1) 蒋长胜2) 韩立波2) 陈继锋1). 2012: 甘肃测震台网监测能力及地震目录完整性分析. 地震学报, 34(5): 646-658.
引用本文: 冯建刚1) 蒋长胜2) 韩立波2) 陈继锋1). 2012: 甘肃测震台网监测能力及地震目录完整性分析. 地震学报, 34(5): 646-658.
Feng Jiangang Jiang Changshengup Han Liboup Chen Jifengoans. 2012: Analysis on the monitoring capability of seismic networks and completeness of earthquake catalogues inGansuregion. Acta Seismologica Sinica, 34(5): 646-658.
Citation: Feng Jiangang Jiang Changshengup Han Liboup Chen Jifengoans. 2012: Analysis on the monitoring capability of seismic networks and completeness of earthquake catalogues inGansuregion. Acta Seismologica Sinica, 34(5): 646-658.

甘肃测震台网监测能力及地震目录完整性分析

详细信息
  • 中图分类号: P315.6

Analysis on the monitoring capability of seismic networks and completeness of earthquake catalogues inGansuregion

  • 摘要: 区域地震台网监测能力的科学评估,是进行区域地震活动性和地震危险性分析的重要基础,最小完整性震级Mc是表征台网监测能力的关键.本文以甘肃测震台网的地震观测报告和区域地震目录为基础资料,分析了甘肃及邻区地震监测能力在时、空上的分布特征,利用ldquo;震级序号rdquo;法、ldquo;最大曲率rdquo;法(MAXC)、拟合度分别为90%和95%的拟合优度检验法(GFT)及ldquo;完整性震级范围rdquo;法(EMR)等,研究了甘肃区域地震目录最小完整性震级Mc的时、空分布特征.结果表明,1980年以来甘肃测震台网的地震监测能力得到了逐步提高,模拟记录时期和ldquo;九五rdquo;期间甘东南地区的地震监测能力明显高于祁连山地震带中西段,ldquo;十五rdquo;测震台网运行后,甘肃及邻区的地震监测能力的空间差异明显缩小.最小完整性震级Mc和监测能力的时空分布特征具有较好的一致性.随着台网的改造,Mc逐步降低,ldquo;十五rdquo;台网运行后,甘肃及邻区的ML1.8以上地震基本完整.此外,还讨论了相关技术规范对区域台网地震目录的影响,并且提出了消除该影响的科学途径和有效方法.该研究结果可为甘肃及邻区地震活动性分析和地震危险性评价等相关研究提供参考.

     

  • 丁国瑜, 卢演俦. 1991. 中国岩石圈动力学概论[M]. 北京: 地震出版社: 142——153.

    甘肃省地方史志编纂委员会. 1991. 甘肃省志(十二卷)地震志[M]. 甘肃人民出版社: 136——160.

    韩立波, 蒋长胜, 李艳娥, 郭祥云. 2012. 用于地震可预测性研究CSEP计划的南北地震带地区地震最小完整性震级Mc研究[J]. 地震, 32(1): 17——27. 

    蒋长胜, 吴忠良, 李宇彤. 2008. 首都圈地区“重复地震”及其在区域地震台网定位精度评价中的应用[J]. 地球物理学报, 51(3): 817——827.

    蒋长胜, 吴忠良. 2011. 玉树MS7.1地震前的中长期加速矩释放(AMR)[J]. 地球物理学报, 54(6): 1501——1510.

    李志海, 蒋长胜, 黄瑜, 王宝柱. 2011. 新疆地区地震目录完整性分析和台网科学布局研究[J]. 地震学报, 33(6): 763——775.

    刘小凤, 梅秀苹, 张小美. 2003. 青藏高原北部地区地震窗口特征及其预报意义[J]. 西北地震学报, 25(4): 359——364.

    杨国栋, 吴永信, 徐辉. 2006. 2001年以来华亭小震活动增强现象的研究[J]. 西北地震学报, 28(2): 163——166.

    Aki K. 1965. Maximum likelihood estimate of b in the formula logN=a——bM and its confidence limits[J]. Bull Earthquake Re Inst, Tokyo Unive, 43: 237——239.

    Cao A M, Gao S S. 2002. Temporal variation of seismic b——values beneath northeastern Japan island arc[J]. Geophys Res Lett, 29(9): 1334, doi:10.1029/2001GL013775.

    Chernick M R. 1999. Bootstrap Methods, A practitioner’s guide[M]. Wiley——Interscience Publication, USA: 1——25.

    Efron B. 1979. Bootstrap Methods: Another Look at the Jackknife[J]. The Annals of Statistics, 7(1): 1——26.

    Enescu B, Ito K. 2002. Spatial analysis of the frequency——magnitude distribution and decay rate of aftershock activity of the 2000 Western Tottori earthquake[J]. Earth Planet Space, 54: 847——859.

    Gomberg J, Reasenberg P, Bodin P, Harris R. 2001. Earthquake triggering by seismic waves following the Landers and Hector Mine earthquakes[J]. Nature, 411: 462——466.

    Gutenberg R, Richter C F. 1944. Frequency of earthquakes in California[J]. Bull Seism Soc Amer, 34: 185——188.

    Iwata T. 2008. Low detection capability of global earthquakes after the occurrence of large earthquakes: investigation of the Harvard CMT catalogue[J]. Geophys J Int, 174: 849——856.

    Knopoff L. 2000. The magnitude distribution of declustered earthquakes in Southern California[J]. Proc Nat Acad Sci, 97: 11880——11884.
    Main I. 2000. Apparent breaks in scaling in the earthquake cumulative frequency——magnitude distribution: fact or artifact[J]. Bull Seism Soc Amer, 90: 86——97.

    Mignan A, Werner M J, Wiemer S, Chen C C, Wu Y M. 2011. Bayesian estimation of the spatially varying completeness magnitude of earthquake catalogs[J]. Bull Seism Soc Amer, 101: 1371——1385.

    Ogata Y, Imoto M, Katsura K. 1991. 3——D spatial variation of b——values of magnitude——frequency distribution beneath the Kanto district, Japan[J]. Geophys J Int, 104: 135——146.

    Rydelek P A, Sacks I S. 1989. Testing the completeness of earthquake catalogues and the hypothesis of self——similarity[J]. Nature, 337: 251——253.

    Schorlemmer D, Neri G, Wiemer S, Mostaccio A. 2003. Stability and significance tests for b——value anomalies: Example from the Tyrrhenian Sea[J]. Geophys Res Lett, 30(16): 1835, doi:10.1029/2003GL017335.

    Schorlemmer D, Woessner J. 2008. Probability of detecting and earthquake[J]. Bull Seism Soc Amer, 98: 2013——2117.

    Stein R S. 1999. The role of stress transfer in earthquake occurrence[J]. Nature, 402: 605——609.

    Taylor D W A, Snoke J A, Sacks I S, Takanami T. 1990. Nonlinear frequency——magnitude relationships for the Hokkaido corner, Japan[J]. Bull Seism Soc Amer, 80: 340——353.

    Wiemer S, Wyss M. 2000. Minimum magnitude of complete reporting in earthquake catalogs: examples from Alaska, the Western United States, and Japan[J]. Bull Seism Soc Amer, 90: 859——869.

    Wiemer S, Wyss M. 2002. Mapping spatial variability of the frequency——magnitude distribution of earthquakes[J]. Adv Geophys, 45: 259——302.

    Woessner J, Wiemer S. 2005. Assessing the quality of earthquake catalogs: Estimating the magnitude of completeness and its uncertainties[J]. Bull Seism Soc Amer, 95(4): 684——698.

    Woessner J, Hauksson E, Wiemer S, Neukomm S. 2004. The 1997 Kagoshima (Japan) earthquake doublet: a quantitative analysis of aftershock rate changes[J]. Geophys Res Lett, 31: L03605, doi:10.1029/2003/GL018858.

    丁国瑜, 卢演俦. 1991. 中国岩石圈动力学概论[M]. 北京: 地震出版社: 142——153.

    甘肃省地方史志编纂委员会. 1991. 甘肃省志(十二卷)地震志[M]. 甘肃人民出版社: 136——160.

    韩立波, 蒋长胜, 李艳娥, 郭祥云. 2012. 用于地震可预测性研究CSEP计划的南北地震带地区地震最小完整性震级Mc研究[J]. 地震, 32(1): 17——27. 

    蒋长胜, 吴忠良, 李宇彤. 2008. 首都圈地区“重复地震”及其在区域地震台网定位精度评价中的应用[J]. 地球物理学报, 51(3): 817——827.

    蒋长胜, 吴忠良. 2011. 玉树MS7.1地震前的中长期加速矩释放(AMR)[J]. 地球物理学报, 54(6): 1501——1510.

    李志海, 蒋长胜, 黄瑜, 王宝柱. 2011. 新疆地区地震目录完整性分析和台网科学布局研究[J]. 地震学报, 33(6): 763——775.

    刘小凤, 梅秀苹, 张小美. 2003. 青藏高原北部地区地震窗口特征及其预报意义[J]. 西北地震学报, 25(4): 359——364.

    杨国栋, 吴永信, 徐辉. 2006. 2001年以来华亭小震活动增强现象的研究[J]. 西北地震学报, 28(2): 163——166.

    Aki K. 1965. Maximum likelihood estimate of b in the formula logN=a——bM and its confidence limits[J]. Bull Earthquake Re Inst, Tokyo Unive, 43: 237——239.

    Cao A M, Gao S S. 2002. Temporal variation of seismic b——values beneath northeastern Japan island arc[J]. Geophys Res Lett, 29(9): 1334, doi:10.1029/2001GL013775.

    Chernick M R. 1999. Bootstrap Methods, A practitioner’s guide[M]. Wiley——Interscience Publication, USA: 1——25.

    Efron B. 1979. Bootstrap Methods: Another Look at the Jackknife[J]. The Annals of Statistics, 7(1): 1——26.

    Enescu B, Ito K. 2002. Spatial analysis of the frequency——magnitude distribution and decay rate of aftershock activity of the 2000 Western Tottori earthquake[J]. Earth Planet Space, 54: 847——859.

    Gomberg J, Reasenberg P, Bodin P, Harris R. 2001. Earthquake triggering by seismic waves following the Landers and Hector Mine earthquakes[J]. Nature, 411: 462——466.

    Gutenberg R, Richter C F. 1944. Frequency of earthquakes in California[J]. Bull Seism Soc Amer, 34: 185——188.

    Iwata T. 2008. Low detection capability of global earthquakes after the occurrence of large earthquakes: investigation of the Harvard CMT catalogue[J]. Geophys J Int, 174: 849——856.

    Knopoff L. 2000. The magnitude distribution of declustered earthquakes in Southern California[J]. Proc Nat Acad Sci, 97: 11880——11884.
    Main I. 2000. Apparent breaks in scaling in the earthquake cumulative frequency——magnitude distribution: fact or artifact[J]. Bull Seism Soc Amer, 90: 86——97.

    Mignan A, Werner M J, Wiemer S, Chen C C, Wu Y M. 2011. Bayesian estimation of the spatially varying completeness magnitude of earthquake catalogs[J]. Bull Seism Soc Amer, 101: 1371——1385.

    Ogata Y, Imoto M, Katsura K. 1991. 3——D spatial variation of b——values of magnitude——frequency distribution beneath the Kanto district, Japan[J]. Geophys J Int, 104: 135——146.

    Rydelek P A, Sacks I S. 1989. Testing the completeness of earthquake catalogues and the hypothesis of self——similarity[J]. Nature, 337: 251——253.

    Schorlemmer D, Neri G, Wiemer S, Mostaccio A. 2003. Stability and significance tests for b——value anomalies: Example from the Tyrrhenian Sea[J]. Geophys Res Lett, 30(16): 1835, doi:10.1029/2003GL017335.

    Schorlemmer D, Woessner J. 2008. Probability of detecting and earthquake[J]. Bull Seism Soc Amer, 98: 2013——2117.

    Stein R S. 1999. The role of stress transfer in earthquake occurrence[J]. Nature, 402: 605——609.

    Taylor D W A, Snoke J A, Sacks I S, Takanami T. 1990. Nonlinear frequency——magnitude relationships for the Hokkaido corner, Japan[J]. Bull Seism Soc Amer, 80: 340——353.

    Wiemer S, Wyss M. 2000. Minimum magnitude of complete reporting in earthquake catalogs: examples from Alaska, the Western United States, and Japan[J]. Bull Seism Soc Amer, 90: 859——869.

    Wiemer S, Wyss M. 2002. Mapping spatial variability of the frequency——magnitude distribution of earthquakes[J]. Adv Geophys, 45: 259——302.

    Woessner J, Wiemer S. 2005. Assessing the quality of earthquake catalogs: Estimating the magnitude of completeness and its uncertainties[J]. Bull Seism Soc Amer, 95(4): 684——698.

    Woessner J, Hauksson E, Wiemer S, Neukomm S. 2004. The 1997 Kagoshima (Japan) earthquake doublet: a quantitative analysis of aftershock rate changes[J]. Geophys Res Lett, 31: L03605, doi:10.1029/2003/GL018858.

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  • 刊出日期:  2012-08-30

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