Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Zhao X F,Wen Z P,Xie J J,Xie Q C. 2022. Applicability of the Next Generation Attenuation-West2 ground-motion model to the components of near-fault velocity pulse-like ground motions. Acta Seismologica Sinica,44(0):1−10 doi: 10.11939/jass.20210176
Citation: Zhao X F,Wen Z P,Xie J J,Xie Q C. 2022. Applicability of the Next Generation Attenuation-West2 ground-motion model to the components of near-fault velocity pulse-like ground motions. Acta Seismologica Sinica44(0):1−10 doi: 10.11939/jass.20210176

Applicability of the Next Generation Attenuation-West2 ground-motion model to the components of near-fault velocity pulse-like ground motions

doi: 10.11939/jass.20210176
  • Received Date: 2021-11-18
  • Rev Recd Date: 2022-02-14
  • Available Online: 2022-02-19
  • The traditional ground-motion models (GMMs) do not account for pulse effects and may therefore fail to estimate seismic hazards and risk at near-fault sites, where pulse-like ground motions are expected. Thus, the applicability of the newest generation NGA-West2 GMMs to the near-fault velocity pulse-like ground motions need to be tested. The near-fault strong ground motions are quantitatively identified by considering the uncertainty of pulse orientation and using wavelet method from recent earthquake since 2013 to form a new pulse database. Based on the new pulse database, long-period pulses are extracted from the original pulse records by using wavelet method. Based on a quantitative analysis of the epsilon parameter, we quantitatively test the applicability of the NGA-West2 ground-motion model to the near-fault velocity pulse-like ground motions. The results show that the four NGA-West2 models are more suitable for describing the residual recordings at the studied period, but underestimate the pulse original ground motions especially around the pulse period. We noted that, during the four NGA-West2 models, the applicability of the CB2018 to the residual ground motions is the best. This study provides an excellent opportunity to quantitatively evaluate the NGA-West2 GMMs and to update these models in the near future, and also provides a basis for incorporating pulse effects into near-fault probabilistic seismic hazard analysis and seismic design.


  • loading
  • [1]
    Chang Z W. 2014. Quantitative Identification and the Characteristics of Near-Fault Pulse-Like Ground Motions[D]. Harbin: Harbin Institute of Technology: 3–4 (in Chinese).
    Hu J J,Xie L L. 2011. Review of Rupture Directivity Related Concepts in Seismology[J]. Earthq. Eng. Eng. Vibrat.,31(04):1–8 (in Chinese).
    Liu Q F,Yuan Y F,Jin X,Ding H P. 2006. Basic Characteristics of Near-Fault Ground Motion[J]. Earthq. Eng. Eng. Vibrat.,26(1):1–10 (in Chinese).
    Xie J J,Li X J,Wen Z P. 2017. The Amplification Effects of Near-Fault Distinct Velocity Pulses on Response Spectra[J]. Eng. Mech.,34(08):194–211 (in Chinese).
    Yang D X,Li G,Cheng G D. 2005. Seismic Analysis of Base-isolated Structures Subjected to Near-Fault Pulse-Like Ground Motions[J]. Earthq. Eng. Eng. Vibrat.,25(2):119–124 (in Chinese).
    Zhao X F. 2015. Study on Strong Motion Velocity Pulse Identification Method and Influence on Isolated Structures [D]. Harbin: Institute of Engineering Mechanics, China Earthquake Administration: 7–30 (in Chinese).
    Zhao T C,Zhao B M. 2021. Algorithm and Application of the Strongest Velocity Pulse Identification of Near-Fault Ground Motion Based on Wavelet Analysis[J]. Journal of Vibration and Shock,40(08):41–49 (in Chinese).
    Abrahamson N A,Silva W J,Kamai R. 2014. Summary of The ASK14 Ground Motion Relation for Active Crustal Regions[J]. Earthq. Spectra,30(3):1025–1055. doi: 10.1193/070913EQS198M
    Baker J W. 2007. Quantitative Classification of Near-Fault Ground Motions Using Wavelet Analysis[J]. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am.,97(5):1486–1501. doi: 10.1785/0120060255
    Baker J W, Cornell C A. 2006. Vector-valued Ground Motion Intensity Measures for Probabilistic Seismic Demand Analysis [R]. Berkeley: Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, College of Engineering, University of California: 54–83.
    Boore D M. 2006. Orientation-independent Measures of Ground Motion[J]. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am.,96(4A):1502–1511. doi: 10.1785/0120050209
    Boore D M,Atkinson G M. 2008. Ground-motion Prediction Equations for the Average Horizontal Component of PGA,PGV,and 5%-Damped PSA at Spectral Periods Between 0.01 s and 10.0 s[J]. Earthq. Spectra,24(1):99–138. doi: 10.1193/1.2830434
    Boore D M,Stewart J P,Seyhan E,Atkinson G M. 2014. NGA-West2 Equations for Predicting PGA,PGV,and 5% Damped PSA for Shallow Crustal Earthquakes[J]. Earthq. Spectra,30(3):1057–1085. doi: 10.1193/070113EQS184M
    Bray J D,Rodriguez-Marek A. 2004. Characterization of Forward-directivity Ground Motions in the Near-Fault Region[J]. Soil Dynam. Earthq. Eng.,24:815–828. doi: 10.1016/j.soildyn.2004.05.001
    Campbell K W,Bozorgnia Y. 2014. NGA-West2 Ground Motion Model for the Average Horizontal Components of PGA,PGV,and 5% Damped Linear Acceleration Response Spectra[J]. Earthq. Spectra,30(3):1087–1115. doi: 10.1193/062913EQS175M
    Chang Z W,Sun X,Zhai C H. 2016. An Improved Energy-based Approach for Selecting Pulse-like Ground Motions[J]. Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dynam.,45(14):2405–2411. doi: 10.1002/eqe.2758
    Chang Z,Sun X,Zhai C,Zhao J X,Xie L L. 2018. An Empirical Approach of Accounting for the Amplification Effects Induced by Near-fault Directivity[J]. Earthq. Eng.,16(5):1871–1885. doi: 10.1007/s10518-017-0275-7
    Chiou B S J,Youngs R R. 2008. An NGA Model for Average Horizontal Component of Peak Ground Motion and Response Spectra[J]. Earthq. Spectra,24(1):173–215. doi: 10.1193/1.2894832
    Chiou B S J,Youngs R R. 2014. Update of Chiou and Youngs NGA Model for the Average Horizontal Component of Peak Ground Motion and Response Spectra[J]. Earthq. Spectra,30(3):1117–1153. doi: 10.1193/072813EQS219M
    Howard J K,Tracy C A,Burns R G. 2005. Comparing Observed and Predicted Directivity in Near-source Ground Motion[J]. Earthq. Spectra,21(4):1063–1092. doi: 10.1193/1.2044827
    Mavroeidis G P,Papageorgiou A S. 2003. A Mathematical Representation of Near-fault Ground Motion[J]. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am.,93(3):1099–1131. doi: 10.1785/0120020100
    Kuo C H,Huang J Y,Lin C M,Hsu T Y,Chao S H,Wen K L. 2019. Strong Ground Motion and Pulse-like Velocity Observations in the Near-Fault Region of The 2018 Mw 6.4 Hualien,Taiwan,Earthquake[J]. Seismol. Res. Lett.,90(1):40–50. doi: 10.1785/0220180195
    Ma K F,Wu Y M. 2019. Preface to the Focus Section on the 6 February 2018 MW 6.4 Hualien,Taiwan,Earthquake[J]. Seismol. Res. Lett.,90(1):15–18. doi: 10.1785/0220180356
    Shahi S K,Baker J W. 2011. An Empirically Calibrated Framework for Including the Effects of Near-fault Directivity in Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis[J]. Seismol. Res. Lett.,101(2):742–755.
    Shahi S K, Baker J W. 2013. A Probabilistic Framework to Include the Effect of Near-fault Directivity in Seismic Hazard Assessment[D]. Berkeley: Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center Headquarters at the University of California: 28-30.
    Shahi S K,Baker J W. 2014. An Efficient Algorithm to Identify Strong-velocity Pulses in Multicomponent Ground Motions[J]. Seismol. Res. Lett.,104(5):2456–2466.
    Somerville P G. 2003. Magnitude Scaling of the Near Fault Directivity Pulse[J]. phys. Earth. Planet. In.,137:201–212. doi: 10.1016/S0031-9201(03)00015-3
    Sigurðsson G,Rupakhety R,Rahimi S E,Olafsson S. 2020. Effect of Pulse-like Near-fault Ground Motions on Utility-scale Land-based Wind Turbines[J]. Bull. Earthq. Eng.,18(3):953–968. doi: 10.1007/s10518-019-00743-9
    Zhai C H,Chang Z W,Li S,Chen Z Q,Xie L L. 2013. Quantitative Identification of Near-fault Pulse-like Ground Motions Based on Energy[J]. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am.,103(5):2591–2603. doi: 10.1785/0120120320
    Zhao X F,Wen Z P,Xie J J,Xie Q C,Ching K E. 2021. Comparison of Near-fault Velocity Pulse-like Ground Motions from the 2018 Mw 6.4 Hualien,Taiwan,Earthquake with the Next Generation Attenuation (NGA)-West2 Ground-Motion Models and Directivity Models[J]. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am.,111:686–703. doi: 10.1785/0120200141
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(6)  / Tables(2)

    Article Metrics

    Article views (175) PDF downloads(51) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint